Jan Kwakkel is an associate professor. His research interest is model-based decision support for decision making under deep uncertainty. He is the lead developer of an open source workbench for exploratory modeling, scenario discovery, and multi-objective robust optimization. He is currently funded through a VENI grant, which is a personal development grant of the Dutch National Science Foundation. His research focuses on the developing innovative model-based techniques for the design of dynamic adaptive policy pathways.

Next to his research on decision making under deep uncertainty, Jan also has an interested in text mining with a focus on analyzing scientific publications and patents.

research interest

Decision making under deep uncertainty.
Exploratory modeling.
Scenario discovery.
Robust decision making.
Adaptation pathways.

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Associate professor at the department of Multi-Actor Systems, faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology


BA, Philosophy, Leiden University
MSc, Systems Engineering, Policy Analysis and Management, Delft University of Technology


Technology, Policy and Management


Key publications:

  • Kwakkel, J.H., M. Haasnoot, & W.E. Walker. (2015). Developing Dynamic Adaptive Policy Pathways: A computer-assisted approach for developing adaptive strategies for a deeply uncertain world. Climatic Change. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-014-1210-4.
  • Haasnoot, M., Kwakkel, J.H., Walker, W.E., & ter Maat, J. (2013) Dynamic Adaptive Policy Pathways: A Method for Crafting Robust Decisions for a Deeply Uncertain World, Global Environmental Change. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.12.006
  • Walker, W.E., Haasnoot, M. & Kwakkel, J.H. (2013) Adapt or Perish: A Review of Planning Approaches for Adaptation under Deep Uncertainty. Sustainability. vol 5, pp. 955-979. DOI: 10.3390/su5030955
  • Kwakkel, J.H. & Pruyt, E. (2013) Exploratory Modeling and Analysis, an approach for model-based foresight under deep uncertainty. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 419-43. DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2012.10.005
  • Kwakkel, J.H., Walker, W.E., Marchau, V.A.W.J. (2010), Classifying and communicating uncertainties in model-based policy analysis. International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 299-315

Courses and programs by this instructor